Armenian politics has to a large extent developed within national contexts, and as a result, ‘national identity’ is often (at least partly) equated with ‘national’ traditions. The focus of the debate will be on the characteristics of the Armenian identity. Considering that since Armenia’s independence, openness and social mobility have given rise to increased knowledge, political participation, improved awareness of world issues, but also greater migration outflows, is the ‘Armenian identity’ regressing? On the flip side, has the Karabakh War strengthened the ‘Armenian identity’? Does the continuing conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia impact the ‘Armenian identity’?