Financing Welfare Arrangements in Times of Transition: Europe from the 17th to the Early 20th Century
Historical and contemporary research on diverse regional and national trajectories of welfare arrangements – including welfare states – has increasingly acknowledged the importance of non-state actors in providing welfare. This emerging pluralist vision of care-provision puts a classical periodization of welfare development into question. Nascent welfare states of the second half of the 19th century have traditionally been portrayed as highly time-specific responses to unprecedented conditions of industrialization and its social costs, thus being put in general discontinuity to preceding arrangements of the early modern era. Turning away from fully state-sponsored welfare allows us to dissolve rigid categories of “modern” and “pre-modern” welfare and to investigate the continuities between charity, co-financed, collective or commercial insurances or private arrangements across these centuries.
The focus on financing structures will serve as a common comparative horizon for the workshop, addressing exemplary questions, such as: Did 19th-century “innovations” indeed constitute a clear break with earlier patterns? How did modes of finance impact governance structures of welfare arrangements? To what extent did the interplay between those who paid and those who decided to impact the definition of social risks and entitlement to social welfare? This workshop will try to zoom in on a transition period between welfare provision in estate-based societies on the one hand and emerging industrial societies on the other. By focusing on financing structures of welfare arrangements between the 17th and the early 20th century the workshop seeks to highlight potential patterns and trajectories of financing, governance structures, socio-economic contexts and regional divides. Finally, by bringing early modernists and modernists at the same table, the workshop will try to modify rigid periodization in the history of welfare and to excavate the longue durée of welfare policy legacies.
The workshop especially encourages submissions by young researchers that cover the following subjects and topics within the period from the 17th to the early 20th century:
- Co-Financing Structures of Welfare Arrangements
- Continuity and/or Discontinuity looked at in Case Studies
- Mixed Economy of Welfare & the Distinction between Public and Private
- Financing, [Democratic] Governance and Access
- Economic and Altruistic Motives in the Management of Charity
- Methodological Issues & Source Criticism in the Study of Welfare Provision
Please attach a brief CV. Notification of acceptance will be sent by March 4th. Participants are expected to submit papers (max. 10.000 words) by April 23rd, which will be circulated in the week before the workshop.
This workshop is financially supported by the Department of History and Civilization of the European University Institute. Pending budgetary approval the organizers foresee that funding for accommodation and hospitality will be available, participants will be expected to pay for their own travel.
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