Diaspora, Transnationalism, Transculturalism and Inter-Cultural communications as new forms of social capital
Migration and migration-related topics currently have a prominent place in social sciences and humanities. Among an assortment of topics social scientists are involved in the study of areas such as migration and identities, citizenship, law and legal status, religion, family and kinship, children and ‘the second-generation’, language, education, health, media consumption, internet use, the construction of ‘home’, sexuality, remittances, hometown associations, development and social change, local politics, workplaces and labour markets.
Contemporary migration is a complex and multiple process and the movements of people often are not unidirectional – migrants could continually move between different places. All the more so as contemporary modes of communication and transport across the borders enabled them to work and live in different countries, keeping in touch with those left behind as never before (Foner 1997, Morawska 1999).Socio-cultural transnational activities cover a wide array of social and cultural transactions through which not only economical resources but also ideas,meanings and practices are exchanged, organized and transformedLevitt and Glick Schiller (2004. Recent researches have established the concept and importance of social remittances(Levitt 1998) which provide a distinct form of social capital between migrants living abroad and those who remain at home. To say that immigrants build social fields that link those abroad with those back home is not to say that their lives are not firmly rooted in a particular place and time. Indeed, they are as much residents of their new community as anyone else.
Individuals may migrate out of desire for a better life, or to escape poverty, political persecution, or social or family pressures. There are often a combination of factors, which may play out differently for women and men. Intra-family roles, statuses, relations and inequalities related to generation and gender affect who migrates and the impacts on migrants themselves, as well as on sending and receiving areas. Experience shows that migration can provide new opportunities to improve women’s lives and change oppressive gender relations – even displacement as a result of conflict can lead to shifts in gendered roles and responsibilities to women’s benefit. However, migration can also entrench traditional roles and inequalities and expose women to new vulnerabilities as the result of precarious legal status, exclusion and isolation. The impact of migration upon childrenis also considerable. These remained in the place of origin may have better living condition due to material point of view, but often they suffer because of the lack of intimacy with their parents working abroad.
On researching of diaspora context, there are studies of the second generations and their successful integrational trajectoriesbased on the various forms of transculturalism and inter-cultural interactions and communication. Other empirical data, however,show thatthe second generation often may continue maintaining a strong sense of belongingand ethnic enclosure. Among some compact migrant communities mixed marriages are socially unacceptable. To find a spouse back in the sending areas is an actual practice. The everlasting flow of new migrants to diaspora areas has a double impact. Diaspora clubs and organizations support easier settlement and employment for the newcomers. Simultaneously migrants carry with them a specific local ethnic culture, religious traditions and behavioral habits of their birthplaces.
TOPICS OF INTERESTS
We invite scholars, PhD and MA students, researchers and practitioners in anthropology/ethnology, political science, economy, tourism sciences, media, archaeology, history, art, history of art, philology, literature, folklore, ethnomusicology, architecture, museology, archiving, audio-visual arts, information sciences/ technologies, geography, sociology, psychology and all related fields to submit papers on any topic related to conference theme. Papers may reflect on a wide spectrum of issues related to cultural heritage, economy, tourism, media, cultural identities, migration, diaspora, inter-cultural relations, multiculturalism etc.
Conference language is both Macedonian and English.
CERTIFICATE OF ATTENDANCE
All registered participants will be presented a certificate of attendance at the end of the conference.
All abstracts accepted to the Conference will be published as a conference booklet.
The conference will be held in Ohrid, Macedonia. Information about the exact premises will be given lather.
For more information please click "Further Official Information" below.