The Making of Peace, Conflict and Security Dynamics of Inclusion and Exclusion
6th Bi-annual Peace and Conflict Studies in Anthropology meeting (PACSA)
28-30 August 2017, Amsterdam
Conflict and peace-making have fundamentally shaped and remade boundaries and relationships in the world we live in. These transformations include processes of inclusion and exclusion that accompany conflicts and the efforts to resolve, transform or secure them. Inclusion is commonly associated with peace rather than conflict, but violent means are often justified in inclusive or productive terms: the renewal of a unified people, the protection of a national economy, or the toppling of an old regime to make way for a more inclusive future. Whether it is peace-making, conflict or securitisation: boundaries, borders and relationships are frequently reified, contested or hardened through these processes. In this sense, both conflict and peace are interrelated ordering principles at the heart of which lie questions about inclusion and exclusion, relation and disconnection. As some are drawn into the centre of a violent cause, others might be ostracized, targeted or displaced as inevitable Others. Similarly, approaches to peace-making and conflict transformation – often seeking to be inclusive – might lead to unintended exclusive consequences: political settlements negotiated by elites can exclude the voices of marginal groups, or override calls for historical justice; and as peace-making tends to involve power struggles, its outcomes can lead to new grievances and renewed conflict.
In particular, security and forms of securitisation, as part of major ordering mechanisms, play a key role here. In the name of security, freedom is protected, borders are militarised and interventions justified, often in ahistorical, depoliticised ways. Metaphorically speaking, the boundaries between unpredictable outsiders and to-be-protected insiders must be guarded and reaffirmed: between nations and globalised flows of people, between security compounds and war-zones, between citizens and non-citizens and between the rich and poor. Questions about inclusion/exclusion are central to our understanding about how dynamics of peace, conflict and security interrelate. Moreover, these dynamics have an often suppressed and distorted temporal and historical dimension, as some histories are ignored and others are shaped, while long-term processes of inclusion and exclusion can become buried underneath the spectacular buzz and noise of immediate crises that claim moments of unprecedented truths.
In cooperation with the Anthropology of Security Network, SECURCIT (University of Amsterdam), the Dept. of Anthropology (VU University Amsterdam) and ‘Dynamics of Security: Forms of Securitisation in Historical Perspective.’
Call for Papers
We encourage paper submissions to relate to these conceptual underpinnings, while also indicating clearly which of the panels the paper should be considered for. In order to submit a paper, please send your abstract to email@example.com
The deadline for paper submissions is Sunday 2 April, 2017.
1. Shaping Inclusive Political Settlements: Critical Approaches to International Peacebuilding
2. Ethnographic Explorations of Heterogeneity, Representation and Legitimacy in the Colombian Peace Process
3. Refugees Welcome? The politics of hospitality and care in Turkey and Europe
4. The making of war veterans: Analyzing the construction of a (post)war category
5. Security Provision and Citizenship: Privatization, Pluralization and Differentiation
6. Extra-Judicial Killings in a post-Human Rights era
7. Vigilantism and security in development
8. Public Events of Securitization; Public Events and Securitization
9. Security Assemblages in Urban Environments
10. Opposing Violence
11. Old wounds, new violence: How memory and anticipation affect boundary-making and exclusion in emerging crisis
12. Securitizing Infrastructure(s)
13. Urban policing and practices of b/ordering
14. Landscapes of Sovereignty: Everyday Life at the Margins of the State
15. Violent exchange and urban citizenship: transcending political and economic anthropology in conflict studies
16. Securitisation and the techno-politics of transition
17. South-South-Cooperation in Contemporary Peacekeeping
18. The radical – hero or frightening other?
19. Border practices of inclusion and exclusion
20. The Politics of Critical Security Research
21. Sacralizing Security: Postsecular Pathways of Religion, Violence and Protection
22. Displaced Narratives: Story-telling in studying war and displacement
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