About the program
Environmental crimes have been broadly defined as illegal acts that directly harm the environment. According to the main international agencies involved in the analysis, prevention and countering of environmental crimes, the following five types of criminal activities clearly fall under this definition: illegal wildlife trade in endangered species; smuggling of ozone depleting substances (ODS); dumping and illicit trade in hazardous waste; illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing; illegal logging and trade in stolen timber.
Environmental crimes are rapidly becoming one of the most significant topics in the study of state policy and international relations. However, because of the relatively nascent understanding of the nature of such crimes and the threats that these pose, international, judicial and societal norms have often proven to be inadequate in halting their perpetration. Gaining awareness about the several factors and the complexity of these crimes is therefore of critical importance to improve laws and policies.
Assigning responsibility for the perpetration of crimes against the environment and adjudicating legal cases is far from straightforward. Indeed, the difficulties in implementing clear and effective punishment mechanisms that can act as deterrent compromise the possibility of effectively prevent and counter environmental crimes. With international organisations, state governments and local societies all involved at various levels, some successes have been achieved thanks to the combination of international and regional legal instruments, enhanced investigation measures and awareness programmes. However, significant challenges still need to be addressed (e.g. the harmonization of the national laws to the relevant international and regional frameworks) and new approaches must be developed and implemented to produce a tangible impact.
Environmental crimes should not, however, be viewed in isolation as their links with other illicit activities have been clearly identified. A particularly threatening development is, for example, the increasing involvement of transnational organized crime in crimes against the environment such as wildlife and waste trafficking. Given the significant short-term economic value that can be achieved through the exploitation of the environment, criminal groups are establishing sophisticated global trafficking networks that fuel other illicit activities such as corruption and money laundering.
It is also to be noted the increased international focus on the nexus between environmental crimes and the violation of human rights. As highlighted by the UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment, a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment is integral to the full enjoyment of a wide range of human rights, including the rights to life, health, food, water and sanitation. Similarly, the interlinked nature of sustainable development and the protection of the environment has gained a growing relevance in the United Nations debate related to the Post-2015 Development Agenda.
Given the increasingly central role that environmental crimes are playing in defining the agenda of the global community and the evolution of international law, UNICRI and the Italian Society for International Organization (SIOI)1 are pleased to offer a Winter School that will provide a unique opportunity for graduate students and young professionals to deepen their knowledge on the critical aspects related to this subject.
The course will promote participants foundational understanding of what environmental crimes are and in parallel will improve their knowledge on how law enforcement bodies and judicial systems are responding. The existing international legal framework will be examined with a view to improve participants’ ability to address the issue in a comprehensive way and promote their role as advocates for an effective change in public policies, strategies and practices.
How to apply
- Dates 12-16 - December 2016
- Venue - SIOI, Rome, Italy
- Application deadline - 2 December 2016
- Confirmation of acceptance - 5 December 2016
- Payment deadline - 9 December 2016
Early Bird deadlines
- Application deadline - 28 October 2016
- Confirmation of acceptance - 2 November 2016
- Payment deadline - 6 November 2016
1. How to apply
• Application deadline: please complete and send the application form, which can be downloaded here, to email@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org by 2 December 2016.
• Confirmation of acceptance: the results of the selection process will be communicated via E-mail, by 5 December 2016.
• Payment deadline: full payment has to be finalized, upon confirmation of acceptance, by 9 December 2016 (i.e. candidates should provide UNICRI and SIOI with proof of payment via E-mail to email@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org by the same date).
2. Early Bird applicants
A discounted rate, amounting to € 850, is offered to Early Bird applicants. In order to receive the discount, applicants must apply in accordance with the following deadlines:
Application deadline: please complete and send the application form (which can be downloaded here) to email@example.com by 28 October 2016
Confirmation of acceptance: the results of the selection process will be communicated via E-mail, by 2 November 2016
Payment deadline: full payment has to be finalized, upon confirmation of acceptance, by 6 November 2016 (i.e. candidates should provide UNICRI with proof of payment via E-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org by the same date)
3. Applicants requiring VISA (IMPORTANT)
Those applicants requiring VISA must apply in accordance with early bird deadlines. Please consider that it may take up to 30 days to receive a VISA from Italian Embassies and Consulates, depending on your country of origin.
The Summer School Administrative Office will provide assistance in facilitating VISA release for those who need it. For this purpose please ensure that section F of the Application Form is properly completed.
• General registration fees: € 920.
• Registration fees for Early Bird applicants(*): € 850.
Registration fees do not include additional expenses such as those related to travel, meals, accommodation, and VISA.
5. Cancellation and Refunds
In the case of a participant cancellation, registration fees will not be refunded.
6. Entry requirements
The course is designed for university graduates in Law, Political Science, International Relations, Economics, Social Science or other relevant disciplines, and for young professionals working in governmental institutions, local authorities, international organizations, NGOs or the private sector seeking to deepen their understanding of environmental crimes.
Candidates must meet the following requirements:
• Hold at least a three-year university degree issued by an internationally recognized university in one of the aforementioned areas.
• Have a very good working knowledge of English.
Applications from students who expect to graduate at the end of the 2016/2017 academic year will also be considered.
7. Certificate of participation
Upon attendance of all the lectures and completion of the course, participants will receive a UNICRI and SIOI certificate of participation.
Email: email@example.com - firstname.lastname@example.org (please indicate “Environmental Crimes” in the subject of the email)
UNICRI: Tel: (+39) 06 6789907
SIOI: Tel: (+39) 06 69207838 // 51 // 52
To APPLY click "Further official information" below and fill the application form.