Grain is still the main basis for human consumption and animal feed, especially in developing countries. The on-going effects of the food crisis are caused in part by very high losses of grain during storage, which in turn has resulted in the starvation of 925 million people worldwide (FAO), including people who suffer from undernourishment.
Post-harvest grain and dry food losses caused by insects, mold and other bio-agents range from 10%-40%. Under sub-optimal storage conditions, harmful microorganisms and mycotoxins may develop which could cause severe damage to human and animal health. These biological factors can also cause reduction in the nutritive value of stored products. Post-harvest losses can include not only loss of the crop itself, but also damage to the environment, a lack of return on the resources and labor needed to produce the crop and a decrease in the livelihood of individuals involved in the production process. When 30 percent of a harvest is lost, the same percentage of the factors contributed to producing the crop is also wasted. Israeli scientists have developed new methods, technologies and compounds for safe storage and pest management of grain crops. Their successful implementation has reduced post-harvest losses in Israel to as low as 0.1- 0.5%.
“Stored product insect pest control” is based mainly on the use of highly effective fumigants and protectants. However, increased health, environmental and social concerns and the consequent demand for pesticide-free food, have led to the development of non-chemical and integrated strategies for stored pest management.
The Course will significantly increase the awareness and knowledge of the participants regarding all aspects of food security and grain storage, with an emphasis on methods that can replace the use of methyl bromide. Participants will be exposed to the latest developments, methods and technologies for food security and for insect pest control in stored grains. The knowledge acquired will assist course participants in the implementation of methods that can substitute for the use of methyl bromide in their respective countries.
It is envisaged that the participants will serve as a core for a reservoir of specialists in issues related to food security and grain storage in developing regions and countries. During their time together, delegates with responsibilities in food security and grain storage issues will be able to create a basis for developing expertise in their respective countries, as well as a communication network with authorities and experts from other participating countries.
To understand the ecosystem of stored grain and dry food. To learn the influence of biotic and abiotic factors on stored product and their interaction during storage. To learn food security and grain storage technologies with an emphasis on phasing out the use of methyl bromide, which will reduce grain losses while meeting the requirements for food quality and safety. To transmit the knowledge and experience of Israel's scientists and specialists in grain storage to developing countries. To assist specialists from developing countries in the implementation of relevant technologies.
General properties of bulk grain. Ecosystems of stored grain and dry food. Effect of biological and environmental factors on stored products. Insect pests in stored grain and their management. Methyl bromide alternatives. Non-chemical control of grain insect pests. Molds and mycotoxins. Grain trade and quality.
MASHAV – Israel’s Agency for International Development Cooperation is dedicated to providing developing countries with the best of Israel’s experience in development and planning. As a member of the family of nations, The State of Israel is committed to fulfilling its responsibility to contribute to the fight against poverty and to the global efforts to achieve sustainable development. MASHAV, representing Israel and its people, focuses its efforts on capacity building, sharing relevant expertise accumulated during Israel's own development experience to empower governments, communities and individuals to improve their own lives.
MASHAV’s approach is to ensure social, economic and environmental sustainable development, and is taking active part in the international community’s process of shaping the Post-2015 Agenda, to define the new set of the global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
MASHAV’s activities focus primarily on areas in which Israel has a competitive advantage, including agriculture and rural development; water resources management; entrepreneurship and innovation; community development; medicine and public health, empowerment of women and education. Professional programs are based on a “train the trainers” approach to institutional and human capacity building, and are conducted both in Israel and abroad. Project development is supported by the seconding of short and long- term experts, as well as on-site interventions. Since its establishment, MASHAV has promoted the centrality of human resource enrichment and institutional capacity building in the development process – an approach which has attained global consensus.
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