Ankara University is an institution that has identified and integrated the history and mission of the Republic with its nation. The establishment of the Turkish Republic was much more than just a change in government; it was also a great social transformation based on modern science, contemporary democratic values and institutions. Similarly, the establishment of Ankara University, besides the obvious educational reasons, has also been a statement as the embodiment of a special mission. The founding of Ankara University was a personal initiative of Atatürk, aiming to set the foundations of his principles and revolutions; disseminating, firmly establishing and defending these principles and ideas that express modernity, science and enlightenment nationwide.
The initial and impressive accomplishments of the new Republic in the area of higher education were to open a new School of Law to educate jurists for a new restructuring of the law in 1925; to establish the Higher Institute of Agriculture to serve the farmers of Turkey in 1933; to open the Faculty of Humanities in order to research the rich Anatolian culture and form a bridge of language and culture between Turkey and the world in 1935; to re-establish Mekteb-i Mülkiye, which had been training high-ranking public administrators in İstanbul since 1859, as the School of Political Sciences in Ankara in 1936, by Atatürk’s special order.