Humans started to move from one place to another in very early ages of their existence. And the main factors, influencing their decision to do so, were wars, natural disasters, climate conditions, lack of food or water. The situation has not changed dramatically, though. Today, people move inside one country, for instance, eco-migrants who resettle because of natural disasters ruining their houses, or to other richer countries for better opportunities. Migrants leave their home because they can’t earn enough to support their families, they fell insecure in their own countries, they look for better study and working conditions and, finally, they simply want to change their life.
Migration has been and is a global issue. Migrants link their countries of origin and destination with economic, social, political and legal ties: this is a two-side process. Flows of migrants bring challenges and sometimes prosperity to countries of destination. Countries, accepting labor or political migrants need to have proper policies and infrastructure in place to meet them and provide assistance as declared by international and national legislation. Countries, which attract students or highly skilled professionals, gain a lot: they ask for higher tuitions from international students and benefit maximum from in-demand skilled labor.
The core of programs on migration studies is to explore the causes and impact of migration. All these factors and processes are discussed in undergraduate and graduate programs on migration studies in colleges and universities around the world. Migration studies is an interdisciplinary academic program leading students through such disciplines as: social and post-traumatic adaptation, human rights, migration and development, migration and gender, child protection, public policy and research methods. Academic programs on migration studies also put a lot of emphasis on migration and immigration policies of most developed countries: separate courses on EU migration law or US migration law are a valuable supplement to any program.
Research opportunities in migration offer a chance to engage in vivid academic analysis and discourse on migration flows in various changing political and economic contexts, as well as provide recommendations for policy makers and non-profit advocates.
Summer schools, conferences and workshops on migration studies are other short-term opportunities to explore deeper migration trends and their perspectives.
ARMACAD database is a rich resource for those looking for academic and professional programs and events in the field of migration studies, as well as other related areas.