Call for paper
The massacres of 1894-1896 in the Ottoman Empire:
Genesis, Consequences and Continuities of Extreme Violence
Since the 1990s, research on the Armenian genocide of WWI, as well as on the periods immediately preceding and following the genocide, has advanced considerably, opening up to new disciplinary perspectives and benefiting from the interest of a growing number of historians and experts in mass violence. On the other hand, the history of the large-scale massacres committed against the Armenians under the reign of Sultan Abdülhamid II is still largely unknown, its sources underutilized or not studied at all. This situation is illustrated by the absence of even a comprehensive survey on the 1894-1896 massacres, attributable to the lack of research that has been conducted on the basis of all available sources (Ottoman, Armenian, Russian, Western), as well as the need for systematic archival studies and regional monographs. This period of extreme violence, a watershed in the political and social history of the Ottoman Empire, raises many questions about the similarities and differences with the genocidal process of 1915-1916. Such critical reflection is all the more important considering that the paradigm of 1894-1896 is sometimes used historiographically to underline the existence of a Turkish-Ottoman “Sonderweg” (German special path). It is well known that the notion of a Sonderweg has been discussed and contested in the case of Germany itself, in so far as it seems to fix German history on an inescapable path. In a similar fashion, the research conducted by Vahakn Dadrian on Turkish-Ottoman history may appear to some scholars as fraught with cultural bias and as casting that history in terms of an unavoidable clash of civilizations in Anatolia. Indeed, any comparison of recent historiographical works shows the lack of consensus among historians, the word "genocide" sometimes designating the entire period from 1894 to 1923.
The editors invite submissions in English or French. Article abstracts of between 450 and 500 words, along with a working title and a short biographical note, should be sent by January 30, 2017, to the editors of the issue:
Mikaël Nichanian (email@example.com)
Boris Adjemian (firstname.lastname@example.org)
The articles (8000-9500 words, including notes and bibliography) selected by the Editorial Board of Études arméniennes contemporaines for inclusion in the theme issue should be ready for peer review by June 30, 2017. Publication is planned for December 2017.